The system of pranes has become so powerful and successful, that their criminal structures now operate beyond the prison gates, often in tandem with the so called “megabandas,” criminal structures than now exert control over much of the Venezuelan underworld.Venezuela does not have a long tradition of organized crime.If nobody knows how much the state is earning and how it is spending it, then there is no accountability and therefore officials who control budgets can easily divert funds into their own pockets or those of their friends.
One of the measures he adopted was to devolve state functions to irregular and even criminal elements.
The security forces also lost the monopoly on carrying arms.
They immediately gave raise to “perverse incentives,” according to Carlos Miguel Alvarez, an analyst at the Venezuelan think tank Ecoanalitica.
Unscrupulous businesses and corrupt officials could buy dollars “cheap” at the official rate and sell them for much more bolivars on the black market.
Importers “wildly inflate the value of goods brought into the country to grab American dollars at rock-bottom exchange rates.
Sometimes, they fake the shipments altogether and import nothing at all,” according to an investigation by the New York Times.
Currency and price controls introduced by the Venezuelan government in February 2003 were one of the principle enablers of corruption and kleptocracy during the government of Hugo Chávez.
And this continues today, although on a much smaller scale.
While they were initially funded by the Venezuela government, they have increasingly turned to criminal activities to finance themselves, principally the microtrafficking of drugs, as well as extortion.
The government of President Nicolás Maduro has used the colectivos to exert social control in their areas of influence and to break up opposition protests.
There is no universally accepted definition of what constitutes a “mafia state.” Here are seven arguments as to why we think Venezuela qualifies and what the implications are of this troubled Andean nation as a regional crime hub.Tags: Adult Dating, affair dating, sex dating