Vedas dating

Only the collections (Sanskrit This group of texts is is called śruti ("the heard"), and are considered to contain divine wisdom, as distinct from other texts that are considered to have been composed by people, which are called smṛti ("the remembered").

This system of categorization was developed by Max Müller, and while it is subject to some imperfections it is still widely used, as Axel Michaels explains: These classifications, which date back to Max Müller, are often not tenable for linguistic and formal reasons: There is not only one collection at any one time, but rather several handed down in separate Vedic schools; Upanişads ...

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There are two recensions of this Veda known as the "Black" and "White" Yajur-Veda.

The origin and meaning of these designations are not clear.

Assessment | Biopsychology | Comparative | Cognitive | Developmental | Language | Individual differences | Personality | Philosophy | Social | Methods | Statistics | Clinical | Educational | Industrial | Professional items | World psychology | Transpersonal Psychology: Integral · Esoteric · Meditation Philosophies and sects that developed in the Indian subcontinent have taken differing positions on the Vedas.

Schools of Indian philosophy which cite the Vedas as their scriptural authority are classified as "orthodox" (āstika).

According to strict orthodox Hindu interpreation the Vedas are apaurusheya ("not human compositions"), being supposed to have been directly revealed, and thus are called śruti ("what is heard").

The term Vedas can refer either to the four Vedas (a specific group of texts) or more generally to a large corpus of Vedic literature that grew up after and around the four Vedas.

The Yajur-Veda gives sacrificial prayers and the Atharva-Veda gives charms, incantations and magical formulae.

In addition to these there are some stray secular material, such as legends.

Two other Indian philosophies, Buddhism and Jainism, did not accept the authority of the Vedas and evolved into separate religions.

In Indian philosophy these groups are referred to as "heterodox" or "non-Vedic" (nāstika) schools.

By the Hindus the Yajur-Veda was regarded as the most important of all the Vedas for the practice of the sacrificial rites.

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