The following countries have changed the name of the police force from Militsiya to Police western-style name: Bulgaria, Poland, Romania, Estonia, Lithuania, Moldova, Latvia, Mongolia, Macedonia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Serbia, Montenegro, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Slovenia Kazakhstan, Armenia, Turkmenistan, Russia and Ukraine.
Under the Patrol Police Service Regulations a designated police officer-driver is required to have a driver license and is not allowed to abandon the vehicle.
However, this refers only to fully marked police vehicles with emergency lights; detectives are allowed to drive civilian cars with are registered to the MVD, having white license plates (marked police vehicles have blue plates) with specific series (for example, o...vo, o...rr, o...mm, o...om).
Militsiya personnel ranks mostly follow those of the Army – from private (Rus: ryadovoy), which is the lowest rank, to colonel general – with only these exceptions: there are no ranks of Army General and Marshal.
Detectives (Russian: operativnik short for operativniy rabotnik) hold a rank of lieutenant at least and could be promoted to major or the lieutenant colonel. Militsiya personnel carry firearms, but are not permitted to carry their weapons when they are off duty.
Internal affairs units within the militsiya itself are usually called "internal security" departments.
The official names of particular militsiya bodies and services in post-Soviet countries are usually very complicated, hence the use of the short term militsiya. Ment is a close equivalent to the English slang term "cop" and has derived from the Lwów dialect.
GIBDD (the traffic militsiya) is the only exception: its members drive their own (or even own private) cars and are specially trained in risk-driving.
One unique feature of militsiya policing approach is the system of territorial patronage over citizens.
The last two are usually assigned to the vehicles registered to regional level MVD units.
The law does not provide any preferences on the road nor allows emergency lights and/or sirens on such vehicles, therefore technically police officers do not have the right to violate traffic laws even while on an assignment.
In Soviet Union, uchastkovyis were also responsible for such tasks as maintaining propiska limitations and overseeing former political prisoners, which were subject to daily registration at the local MVD office.Tags: Adult Dating, affair dating, sex dating