consolidating a sallie mae student loan - History of absolute dating

When an organism dies it ceases to replenish carbon in its tissues and the decay of carbon 14 to nitrogen 14 changes the ratio of carbon 12 to carbon 14.

Experts can compare the ratio of carbon 12 to carbon 14 in dead material to the ratio when the organism was alive to estimate the date of its death.

The chronicle of this great change can be broken into five periods; ran from AD 1600-1700.

history of absolute dating-35

So, the fossil is 8,680 years old, meaning the living organism died 8,680 years ago.

If, in the year AD 1600, you had asked an educated European how old the planet Earth was and to recount its history he would have said that it was about 6000 years old and that its ancient history was given by the biblical account in Genesis.

When finding the age of an organic organism we need to consider the half-life of carbon 14 as well as the rate of decay, which is –0.693.

For example, say a fossil is found that has 35% carbon 14 compared to the living sample. We can use a formula for carbon 14 dating to find the answer.

Carbon is naturally in all living organisms and is replenished in the tissues by eating other organisms or by breathing air that contains carbon.

At any particular time all living organisms have approximately the same ratio of carbon 12 to carbon 14 in their tissues.

In short, Genesis was an allegory and not literal history.

The story of this great change in the conception of the history of Earth is not a simple one.

Where t is the age of the fossil (or the date of death) and ln() is the natural logarithm function.

If the fossil has 35% of its carbon 14 still, then we can substitute values into our equation.

In the case of radiocarbon dating, the half-life of carbon 14 is 5,730 years.

Tags: , ,